As part of the Language Planning Process in the Gaeltacht, Údarás na Gaeltachta is responsible for selecting organisations to prepare and implement language plans in Gaeltacht Language Planning Areas and in Gaeltacht Service Towns situated within Gaeltacht Language Planning Areas.
The Gaeltacht Act 2012 gives statutory effect to the implementation of the 20-Year Strategy for the Irish Language 2010–2030, where it is stated that ‘under the new Act, a language planning process will be instigated whereby a language plan will be prepared at community level for each Gaeltacht district’. Under the act, Gaeltacht areas, as they currently stand, will be redesignated as Gaeltacht Language Planning Areas, with language plans agreed with the communities in each area.
Recognition will also be given to the role of Gaeltacht Service Towns in relation to the supply of public services to those areas, with language plans agreed with the communities in the various towns.
Údarás na Gaeltachta are responsible for coordinating the language planning process in the Gaeltacht. Since the Gaeltacht Act 2012 was enacted, the Gaeltacht has been divided into 26 various areas which are called Gaeltacht Language Planning Areas (LPT). According to the Act, the community in every LPT must prepare a language plan for their own area so that it can be recognised as a Gaeltacht area.
As well as the Gaeltacht Language Planning Areas, three Gaeltacht towns have been recognised that could receive a status as Gaeltacht Service Towns (BSG).
The Gaeltacht Act 2012 sets out a structure to be followed when preparing language plans. According to this structure, the Minister for the Gaeltacht announces that the language planning process will begin in a certain LPT or BSG, and Údarás na Gaeltacht choose a lead organisation to manage the language planning process in that LPT/BSG. The lead organisations are given two years to prepare a language plan in conjunction with the community in that area in accordance with Language Planning Guidelines, it is then submitted to the Minister for approval. If approved, the lead organisation has seven years to implement the language plan.
Click here to see the language plans that have been approved to date.
As well as the 26 LPTs and 3 BSGs, there are 13 towns that sit just outside the Gaeltacht, that can be recognised as Gaeltacht Service Towns. There are also five areas outside of the Gaeltacht that are in the process of being recognised as Irish Language Networks; three areas have been recognised by the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, and two are located in the North of Ireland.
Foras na Gaeilge are responsible for coordinating the language planning process outside the Gaeltacht. More information regarding the language planning process outside of the Gaeltacht can be found at Gaelphobal.